apscheduler.triggers.interval

API

Trigger alias for add_job(): interval

class apscheduler.triggers.interval.IntervalTrigger(weeks=0, days=0, hours=0, minutes=0, seconds=0, start_date=None, end_date=None, timezone=None, jitter=None)

Bases: apscheduler.triggers.base.BaseTrigger

Triggers on specified intervals, starting on start_date if specified, datetime.now() + interval otherwise.

Parameters:
  • weeks (int) – number of weeks to wait
  • days (int) – number of days to wait
  • hours (int) – number of hours to wait
  • minutes (int) – number of minutes to wait
  • seconds (int) – number of seconds to wait
  • start_date (datetime|str) – starting point for the interval calculation
  • end_date (datetime|str) – latest possible date/time to trigger on
  • timezone (datetime.tzinfo|str) – time zone to use for the date/time calculations
  • jitter (int|None) – advance or delay the job execution by jitter seconds at most.

Introduction

This method schedules jobs to be run periodically, on selected intervals.

You can also specify the starting date and ending dates for the schedule through the start_date and end_date parameters, respectively. They can be given as a date/datetime object or text (in the ISO 8601 format).

If the start date is in the past, the trigger will not fire many times retroactively but instead calculates the next run time from the current time, based on the past start time.

Examples

from datetime import datetime

from apscheduler.schedulers.blocking import BlockingScheduler


def job_function():
    print("Hello World")

sched = BlockingScheduler()

# Schedule job_function to be called every two hours
sched.add_job(job_function, 'interval', hours=2)

sched.start()

You can use start_date and end_date to limit the total time in which the schedule runs:

# The same as before, but starts on 2010-10-10 at 9:30 and stops on 2014-06-15 at 11:00
sched.add_job(job_function, 'interval', hours=2, start_date='2010-10-10 09:30:00', end_date='2014-06-15 11:00:00')

The scheduled_job() decorator works nicely too:

from apscheduler.scheduler import BlockingScheduler

@sched.scheduled_job('interval', id='my_job_id', hours=2)
def job_function():
    print("Hello World")

The jitter option enables you to add a random component to the execution time. This might be useful if you have multiple servers and don’t want them to run a job at the exact same moment or if you want to prevent multiple jobs with similar options from always running concurrently:

# Run the `job_function` every hour with an extra-delay picked randomly in a [-120,+120] seconds window.
sched.add_job(job_function, 'interval', hours=1, jitter=120)